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Retirement | www.iworthsaving.com

 Start Saving for Retirement Today, Not Tomorrow!

 

  Start with a firm financial foundation. 

   A recommendation is to  begin investing for retirement after you've done two things: paid off all debt but the house and saved up three to six months of expenses.

 

  Determine how much you need to save for retirement.

Retirement isn't an age. It's a financial number. It's the amount of money you'll need to enjoy the kind of retirement you want. Plan how much you need to save for retirement by determining your Retire Inspired Quotient (R:IQ).

 

 

   Follow a simple investing plan.

Invest 15% of your gross income into pretax retirement accounts and Roth IRA. Put your retirement money in mutual funds with a great track record. Read more about specific funds here.

   Treat retirement investments as a marathon, not a sprint.

   Other unique risks to retirees

Pfau says retirees face many other unique risks that require more protection than traditional retirement strategies can provide. Those hazards include:

 

A reduction in income after years of earning a steady paycheck.

The corrosive power of compounding inflation.

A gradual decline in the retiree’s cognitive abilities.

In light of such challenges, Cook and Pfau both advocate liability-driven investing as a better approach for many people who want to protect their portfolio.

 

   To illustrate the liability-driven approach, Pfau imagines a hypothetical retiree who knows he will need to spend $10,000 about a decade from now.

 Someone taking a traditional approach to retirement investments would simply hold an age-appropriate mix of stocks and bonds and hope that it would generate adequate returns over that time period.

 

   Stock market history indicates that such a 10-year bet usually pays off. But not always. It’s possible that the decade-long stretch could include subpar returns, such as the 10-year period ending January 2009, which saw the Standard & Poor’s 500 index lose an inflation-adjusted 5.1% a year (even after including re-invested dividends).

The stock market, as represented by the S&P 500, has suffered 2 horrific bear markets over the past 15 years. Retirees don't want to take on too much risk just as they begin to rely on their nest eggs for income.

Even worse, an investor could do well over the first 9 years, only to see the market collapse by more than 36% — as the S&P did in 2008 — just as he approaches the finish line.

 

   How liability-driven investing works

   By contrast, a retiree using the liability-driven approach would pick a very specific instrument, such as an individual bond or an income annuity, that guarantees an inflation-adjusted $10,000 will be available, Pfau says.

 

“If I have a bond that will mature with a face value of $10,000 in 10 years, I know I will get the income I am expecting,” he says. “I’m immune from market volatility and interest rate fluctuations. That’s the idea behind this approach.”

 

   Albert Barbosa, head of retirement research at  Investment Management in Boston, is another advocate of the liability-driven approach.

 

He says that for many retirees, a central risk is not having enough income to sustain them during retirement.

 

“Given this goal, inflation is an important risk that should be considered when optimizing the portfolio,” Barbosa says.

 

   Keeping up with inflation

A liability-driven approach for a retiree might include building a portfolio that seeks to track inflation rather than to maximize gains, he says.

 

“If you want a portfolio that does a better job hedging inflation, certain asset classes are going to appear more or less attractive than using a more traditional optimization routine focused on total return,” Barbosa says.

 

For example, investors looking to simply keep up with inflation might weight a portion of their portfolios more heavily to asset classes such as real estate investment trusts, Treasury inflation-protected securities and commodities, Barbosa says.

 

   Convincing 1 investor at a time

Anyone who employs a liability-driven approach to retirement planning must accept that lowering one’s risk profile also means accepting returns that are unlikely to be as high as they could be if the investor took on more risk.

 

Cook says that fact can be difficult for some clients to accept.

 

“They’ll think, ‘I’m missing out on a lot; if I get those returns, I won’t have to worry about the downside so much,'” he says.

 

However, he adds, it’s important to remember the danger of remaining overly invested: “You don’t know when the downside will come,” he says.

 

Cook tries to help clients understand the value of the liability-driven approach by simply asking them if they know how much gain is required to break even after a 50% loss.

 

Most clients respond that they would need an upturn of 50%.

 

“Unfortunately, you need a 100% gain,” he says.

 

That truth underscores how the compounding effect of losses is much more powerful than that of gains.

 

Compounding effect of losses is much more powerful than that of gains.

 

How to make your retirement money last a lifetime

 

How to make your money last a lifetime

 

Nearly half of all Americans say they’re worried that they’ll run out of money in retirement, according to a recent survey by TIAA-CREF.

 

That’s largely because many people don’t really have a plan to help them determine how long their savings will last and how much they can withdraw each year to support their lifestyle.

 

In all fairness, this part of retirement planning is extremely difficult because many of the critical factors involved in the calculation are largely unpredictable. For instance, you really have no control over the returns of your investments, the rate of inflation or just how long you need to plan for.

 

Yet, each of these variables has a significant impact on how much you can safely withdraw from your nest egg to live comfortably for the rest of your life.

 

Are you anxious about running out of money down the road? Here’s what academics and financial industry experts say you need to do when it comes to planning for retirement.

 

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 Risk-proof your retirement by employing liability-driven investing like the pros

 

Are millions of retirees taking on too much risk without knowing it?

 

   Some financial advisers say yes. They are challenging long-standing assumptions about how people should invest during their golden years.

 

   Traditionally, it has been common to advise retirees to maintain a portfolio divided between stocks and bonds, with the share of bonds growing larger as the retiree ages. But that strategy will not risk-proof a retirement portfolio.

 

 

“We have to remember that returns and risk are forever connected,”

 

    Cook and others advocate a shift to “liability-driven” investing. This method involves focusing less on maximizing investment returns and more on simply ensuring that cash flows from investments are adequate to cover future costs.

 

“It is critical that investors don’t try to reach too far for the returns,” Cook says. “The first priority for retirees is, ‘Don’t lose my money,’ rather than, ‘How much can I make?'”

 

  Preventing cascading losses

   Cook says a liability-driven approach helps protect retirees against the chief peril they face: a sudden loss of money with relatively little time to recoup.

 

“The prime risk factor is their time horizon,” he says. “They just don’t have enough time to recover from significant losses.”

 

  Cook notes that the past 15 years have seen 2 epic bear markets, when stocks lost 50% of their value — the first beginning in 2000, the second in 2007.

 

   Even some of the best-balanced portfolios lost more than 20% in each of those downturns, he says.

 

   Wade Pfau, professor of retirement income at The American College of Financial Services in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, says such severe losses are magnified by another inescapable fact about retired life: “You need to spend from your investments,” he says.

 

   Because retirees gradually spend down their savings, a sharp downturn that would temporarily decimate the portfolio of a younger investor can inflict more lasting wounds to a retiree’s finances.

 

   “When you spend from a declining portfolio, the portfolio doesn’t get to fully benefit from any subsequent recovery,” Pfau says.

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